Paduka Sri Sultan 'Abdu'llah al-Mukarram Shah
SEBAGAI RAJA PULAU PINANG
1778 - 1797 H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan 'Abdu'llah al-Mukarram Shah ibni al- Sultan Muhammad Jiwa Zain al-'Adilan Mu'azzam Shah [Al-Marhum Kota Star al-Thani], Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan of the State of Kedah Dar ul-Aman, third son of H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan Muhammad Jiwa Zain al-'Adilan Mu'azzam Shah II Khalifat ul-Rahman ibni al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'llah al-Mu'azzam Shah, Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan Besar of the State of Kedah Dar ul-Aman, by his second and Royal wife, H.H. Tunku Putri, Tunku Permaisuri, educ. Privately.
(Ini Tunku Putri mana pulak dah. Semenjak tahun 1981 dah ada penjelasan bahawa Sultan Abdullah ni anak gundik, takkan 25 tahun tak reti-reti lagi kot. Asyik nak ubah sejarah saja kerja orang tertentu ni,biar bunyi sedap. Paduka Seri Sultan Abdullah ni Raja Pulau Pinang, sebab abang tirinya Tengku Long Putra, anak gahara dah jadi Perdana Menteri)
Appointed as deputy ruler with the title of Yang di-Pertuan Muda together with the personal title of Sultan, with control over Kedah proper, 6th April 1760. Unpopular with his relatives, his appointment induced many to form an alliance with the Bugis to depose him, leading to their invasion and capture of Kuala Kedah in March 1771. Succeeded on the death of his father, 23rd September 1778 (maklumat ini pun salah untuk memadamkan kewujudan Tengku Long Putera dan Sultan Khalifah Sharif) Accepted Siamese sovereinty and dispatched the first "Bunga Mas" in 1781. Caught between a contest for power between Burma and Siam, he sought help from the HEIC against Siam. Leased Pulau Pinang (Prince of Wales Island or Penang) to them on 17th July 1786. Failing to regain the island by force in 1791, he was compelled to recognise its perpetual lease to the company, for as along as it wished.
m. (first) at Selangor, April 1767 (div. 1769), H.H. Tengku Puneh binti al-Marhum Sultan Saleh ud-din Shah, Tengku Besar
(m. second, at Selangor, 1769 (div. ca. 1780), H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan 'Ali 'Ala ud-din Shah bin Raja Kambodja [Raja Ali I], Yang di-Pertuan Muda of Riau.
( Yang dimaksudkan Raja Kemboja ialah Sultan Mudzaffar Syah III, bergelar PoChan semasa menjadi raja di Kemboja Cempakasari dahulu. Baginda adalah anakanda Sultan Khalifah Sharif. Paduka Seri Raja Ali, Sultan Riau Lingga adalah juga adinda Syed Alang Alauddin @ Panglima Bukit Gantang. Kedua-dua mereka adalah anakanda Sultan MudZaffar Syah III dan cucu Sultan Khalifah Sharif).
m. third, at Selangor, July 1780, Arung To' Mojong, of Bone), eldest daughter of H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan Saleh ud-din Shah ibni al-Marhum Raja Chelak, Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan of Selangor, by his first wife, a younger daughter of H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan 'Ala ud-din Ri'ayat Shah bin Daeng Rilaga, Yang di-Pertuan Muda of Riau.
m. (second) Wan Meh (d.s.p.).
m. (third) Wan Kamaliya, Wan Mas, daughter of the Dato' Sri Paduka Raja Laksamana of Kedah, by whom he had three sons and six daughters.
m. (fourth) Y.M. Che' Puan Paduka Bonda, a princess from Patani (daughter of Sultan Muhammad 'Abdu'l Jalil Karimu'llah Mualim Shah, Raja of Patani?), by whom he had three sons and one daughter.
m. (fifth) Y.M. Che' Mas, by whom he had one son.
m. (sixth) Y.M. Che' Chandra Sari, by whom he had two sons and two daughters.
m. (seventh) Y.M. Che' Bida Sari, by whom he had two daughters. He d. at the Istana Baginda, Alor Star, 1st September 1797 (bur. there at the Royal Cemetery, Kota Langgar), having had issue, ten sons and eleven daughters:
• 1) Y.A.M. Tunku Yahya ibni al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'llah al-Mukarram Shah (elder half-brother of Tunku Pangeran). m. Y.M. Tunku Raja Hitam. He had issue, a son:
• a) Y.M. Tunku Din bin Tunku Yahya. Rebelled against the Siamese in 1831, captured Kedah Fort and expelled the Siamese Governor 17th February 1832. m. a daughter of his uncle, H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan Ahmad Taj ud-din II Halim Shah ibni al-Marhum 'Abdu'llah al-Mukarram Shah, Sultan and Yan di-Pertuan of the State of Kedah Dar ul-Aman. He was k. in battle with the Siamese, at Kedah Fort, 1832.
• 2) Y.A.M. Tunku Ahmad Taj ud-din bin Sultan 'Abdu'llah al-Mukarram Shah [Tunku Pangeran], who succeeded as H.H. Sultan Ahmad Taj ud-din Halim Shah II ibni al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'llah al-Mukarram Shah, Sultan of Kedah Dar ul-Aman (s/o Wan Mas) - see below.
The list continues,…